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Scribal Profile
Ricardus Franciscus
Profiles for this Scribe:
1. USA, New York, NY, Pierpont Morgan Library & Museum MS M 126
Current Manuscript:USA, New York, NY, Pierpont Morgan Library & Museum MS M 126
Sampled Folios:102v
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: and
single compartment 'a' throughout. The hand is elegant and graceful in a batarde style.
Usage: a vaunce
the shape of 'a' varies little. Two 'a's in close proximity.
Usage: And
one of the several upper case 'A's which the scribe uses.
Usage: Anoon
the more usual shape of upper case 'A'.
Usage: dorste
the single lobe and long curving down-stroke is the most usual representation of 'd'. However, the scribe also uses a looped variety as seen in version 2.
Usage: lord
unlooped 'd' is used occasionally on this folio. It is used in final position or when it is followed by 'e'. The shape of the graph is essentially different with a lobe tipping to a point at the left side and the loop continuing beyond the graph to end in a downward hairline tag.
Usage: hadde
the double graph allows the scribe the opportunity to add delicate hairline features to join the pair.
Usage: deserued
a flamboyant example of 'd' as the final letter of a line.
Usage: Now goth
tailed 'g' is used throughout. The body of the graph has a flat head-stroke and sometimes it appears horned.
Usage: kyng
the tail-stroke extends beneath previous graphs in a gentle curve which slopes downwards to end.
Usage: sligh-sigh
an example with two sets of the 'gh' combination to show the difference in treatment of the tail of 'g'.
Usage: gold
a rather awkward construction for both 'g' and 'd' in this word.
Usage: hym
'h' is neatly executed with triangular head-stroke resolving on the stem above the shoulder.
Usage: cometh
a crossed 'h' in final position following a 't'. Where 'h' follows 'g' even in the middle of a word, it is also crossed.
Usage: which
again 'h' in final position following a 'c' and also crossed.
Usage: His
upper case 'H' at the beginning of a line. It is exactly the same as the lower case version.
Usage: rede
modern 'r' is used in both initial and final positions.
Usage: your
'r' in final position sometimes has a hairline flourish to finish.
Usage: perrye
'z'-shaped 'r' often follows round-bodied graphs but also sometimes the 'e' graph. Where there are two 'r's, the second 'r' is the usual modern version.
Usage: Ryche
upper case 'R' with horizontal cross-bar.
Usage: some
long 's' is used initially and medially. The stems of both 's' and 'f' are thick in the centre with tapering tops and bottoms. The graphs lean slightly towards the next graph.
Usage: officers
's' in final position is always kidney-shaped and spikey. There is usually a small curled uplift at the head which provides the effect of a horn.
Usage: so softe
two long 's's followed by an 'f' which are all formed in exactly the same manner.
Usage: Som
upper case 'S' at the beginning of a line.
Usage: wiste
'w' in initial position of a word in the centre of a line. The left limb extends way above the level of surrounding graphs. The extended left limb varies in length with the individual words.
Usage: yow
'w' in final position with extension of left limb above the level of preceding graphs.
Usage: withinne
a long, curved, fine hairline lead-in stroke for this graph.
Usage: Was
the first word of a line and therefore an upper case graph.It is exactly the same as the lower case variety.
Usage: yow
'y' in initial position. The bowl of 'y' is always formed consistently. There is a fine hairline tail which descends in a curve from the fork. The curved stroke above is usually present on 'y'.
Usage: may
'y' in final position with hairline tail appearing to extend as far as the initial letter of the following word.
Usage: euydence
a symbol, almost like an infinity sign on its end, is used for the 'dot' above the 'y'. This is a frequent occurrence.
Usage: Ye
upper case 'Y' at the beginning of a line.
Yogh and Upper Case Letters
Usage: croniqȝ
yogh used as final plural sound in this word.
Usage: The
one of a variety of upper case 'T's.
Usage: Is
Usage: Now
the scribe's upper case 'N'.
Decorative Features
Usage: That
a fine example of the strapwork which this scribe often employs to decorate letters on the top line.
Usage: exemplum
the scroll-like feature around the 'l'. The word is again on the top line of text so the scribe can use the space above the line for his own purposes.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP