Scribal ProfileJohn Marchaunt or Scribe D
|Profiles for this Scribe:|
3. London, British Library MS Harley 7334
|Current Manuscript:||London, British Library MS Harley 7334|
|Sampled Folios:||58v, 86v, 87r, 148v, 149r, 178v, 181v, 191r, 236v|
|Example Page:||Display a full page showing this scribe's hand|
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Scribe D has a whole variety of different upper case 'A''s. This version tends to have a fairly squarish lobe with open curving stroke above and is probably the graph most frequently used by the scribe.
the squarish lobe is again in evidence but the head-stroke is a closed loop.
on some folios, Scribe D may select only this form of 'A'. On other folios he may use several different versions.
this 'd' with open interior can be a significant feature of this hand. However, the scribe can produce folio after folio where version 2 is the only 'd' form. Thus open interior 'd' can only be significant where other features of the hand coincide.
a simple upper case 'D'.
occasionally the scribe produces an upper lobe which extends rather more to the left than his usual more upright and contained letter.
a typical 'g' slightly tilted back.
another typical shape for 'g' with a more angular lower lobe and a slight overhang to the right of the lower lobe where the scribe removes his quill.
'g' as the final letter in the explicit to the prologue before the Squire's Tale. The small extension with looped end is typical.
the tailstroke of 'h' is usually short and neatly contained.
very occasionally, the tail of 'h' flicks back to the right.
where 'H' appears at the beginning of a line, there is frequently an extra curved stroke added in the margin next to the letter. The same sometimes also applies to 'L'.
elaborate 'H' for the opening rubric for the Wife of Bath's Prologue.
on some folios long 'r' is used almost exclusively. On other folios it is difficult to find, with modern 'r' most in evidence. As with the scribe's 'd's the selection of type of graph may vary between folios.
Scribe D can also use modern 'r' in preference to long 'r' for long stretches.
'z'-shaped 'r' does not always sport the otiose tag descending from the bottom left side of the letter.
on some folios, kidney 's' is used exclusively in final position.
final 8-shaped 's' on same folio as version 1.
long 's' always used in initial position and also medially.
a simple upper case 'S'. There are more variations of 'S' shown in the Wild Letters.
Scribe D's 'w' nearly always has a smooth left vertical and two lobes on the right.
'W' in an upper case position. The scribe uses all his variations of 'w' for the upper case letter. This is merely a further example of shape. A slight foot at the bottom of the left vertical is only an occasional variation seen in this hand.
'y' is sometimes dotted or as here with a curled stroke above more usually used above 'i'.
very occasionally the scribe extends the tail of 'y' back up through the body of the letter itself finishing with the curled stroke.
'y' with dot above rather than curled stroke.
'y' with nothing above.
very occasionally the scribe adds a tongue to final 'e'.
it is sometimes possible to find an 's' with tags at each end of the letter.
parallel lines as decoration within an upper case letter is a noticeable feature of the scribe's hand in some tracts of text. For more examples see Wild Letter 3.
a further example of the scribe's idiosyncratic 'd'.
|Thorn and yogh|
frequently, though not always, as instanced in the previous example, yogh has a flick to the right at the base of the letter.
|Upper case letters|
in some tracts of text, the scribe draws shadows in pen within the letter. This is the classic shape of Scribe D's 'N'.
there can be no lines, a single line or as here a double line in a number of upper case letters. Sometimes the scribe uses this type of decoration for long stretches, sometimes he does not use them at all.
|More upper case letters|
the classic and almost invariable shape of 'I'. The head stroke varies and is sometimes a little shorter or straighter, but the scribe usually adds one dot on the shaft as seen here.
other upper case letters also attract a dot at times. Here the scribe's 'N' has a dot in the middle. However, he occasionally adds one or two diagonal strokes across the width of the letter.
from the running title in the scribe's hand. There is usually (but not always) a separation between the double compartment of 'B' and the 2-shaped element at the left of the letter.
there is often a space between the vertical and the lobe of 'P'.