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Scribal Profile
Hand 1
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Additional 10340
Sampled Folios:10v
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Usage: nat
straight-sided 'a' with dividing bar.
Usage: abaist
occasionally 'a' is open at the top.
Usage: Art
upper case 'A' probably the most-represented graph of 'A'.
Usage: ÞAnne
upper case letter as the second letter after a flourished upper case thorn.
Usage: dwelt
unlooped 'd' used throughout. The lobe is oval, and again sometimes open at the top.
Usage: yelde
'd' ligature with 'e'.
Usage: shadowe
ligature with 'o'.
Usage: qd
abbreviation of 'quod' with a circular loop as the tag on 'd'.
Usage: þinges
'g' is double compartment with each lobe as a triangle. The upper compartment has the head of the traingle to the right with horizontal slash extending from the point.
Usage: gest
the lower compartment has the top point of the triangle attached to the upper compartment. 'g' mostly sits on the line.
Usage: þi(n)g
'g' in final position with tag.
Usage: þinges
the head of the top lobe of 'g' is often above surrounding letters.
Usage: who
'h' comprises two vertical strokes, sometimes unconnected.
Usage: hast
the head of the stem is sometimes split.
Usage: whiche
Usage: whiche
Usage: hir
modern 'r' is used throughout in all positions.
Usage: forme
'z'-shaped 'r' follows 'o'.
Usage: weriþ
the shoulder of 'r' sometimes appears detached from the stem. There is sometimes a visible hairline connecting stroke.
Usage: horrible
double 'r' using two variants, the 'z'-shaped 'r' after 'o' followed by modern 'r'.
Usage: þis
kidney-shaped 's' is used in final position.
Usage: is
Usage: seine
initial long 's' frequently has a small hump to the left of the ascender.
Usage: Symacus
a serpentine 'S' with flat head-stroke and triple parallel lines to decorate.
Usage: whi
'w' is consistently formed. The middle stroke is usually taller than the left limb.
Usage: weriþ
the left limb may curve slightly, The 'B'-shaped element is always used.
Usage: whan
Usage: Whan
exactly the same formation as the lower case graph.
Usage: ioyeful
'y' is frequently found with a small dash or dot above.
Usage: bygynneþ
the right-hand stroke is connected at the head. The two elements do not usually meet to create a fork.
Usage: ryȝtfully
Usage: Symacus
the fork of 'y' is rarely closed at the lower end, as here.
Usage: The scribe's ampersands are all fairly similar.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þt
the scribe uses thorn frequently in all positions and for abbreviations such as this one.
Usage: dissolueþ
Usage: þouȝ
yogh is also used frequently.
Usage: bryȝtnesse
Decorative features
Usage: The decoration on every pen-flourished letter is a sort of shepherd's crook design. Each letter has one crook attached to the top of the letter and another to the bottom.
Usage: Another very distinctive decorative feature is the box surrounding the catchword.
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Ne
distinctive upper case 'N', very similar to one of the versions used by Scribe D.
Usage: ffor
upper case 'F' which occasionally sports a curved approach stroke to the left.
Usage: Certys
most of the upper case letters have very angular features.
Usage: Tertus
another angular letter. See also 'A' in Letter 1 and 'S' in Letter 6,
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP