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Scribal Profile
Devonshire scribe, TCC R.3.3 scribe or slanted hooked 'g' scribe
Profiles for this Scribe:
4. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Lyell 31 (olim Clumber)
Current Manuscript:Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Lyell 31
Sampled Folios:19r, 45v, 124r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: anothir
single compartment 'a' used throughout. Hairline oblique stroke to seal the compartment.
Usage: and
Usage: Aboue
elaborate upper case 'A' with exaggerated curved stroke probably because it is the first word of the line.
Usage: And
Usage: desirous
both looped and unlooped 'd' are used, with the version shown here by far the most frequent. The stroke on the right is gently curved.
Usage: acord
looped 'd' most often found in final position, here with fine otiose curled finishing stroke used on many graphs in this hand.
Usage: god
Usage: Duelling
Usage: goodli
the famous 'hooked g' with fish-like tail to complete the graph.
Usage: eueri thing
'g' in final position again with otiose descending tag to finish.
Usage: might
Usage: Gaudia
upper case 'G' in the glosses which are in the hand of the scribe.
Usage: hath
this rather squat version of 'h' with head-loop leaning on the shoulder and the descender resting on the line, is typical of most of the 'h' graphs.
Usage: speche
an occasional example of 'h' with more pointed loop at the head.
Usage: brenneth
when space or position allows, the scribe produces some elaborate variations.
Usage: He
an upper case version of the graph with more spread.
Usage: recorden
modern 'r' used in all positions.
Usage: anothir
again in final position the graph attracts the long, fine, curled otiose finishing stroke.
Usage: vertuous
'z'-shaped 'r' used after some vowels and also after round-bodied graphs with long otiose stroke trailing to the right from the left side of the graph.
Usage: Resembled
Usage: stormed
the angle of the 's' and 'f' graphs are what gives the whole aspect of the hand a slanted appearance. The down-strokes are heavy to begin and taper to a finer finish. The head-strokes are fine.
Usage: hertes
kidney-shaped 's' is always used in final position.
Usage: fressh
in fact it is only the 's' and 'f' graphs which are slanted. The remainder of the letters are upright in formation.
Usage: So
Usage: wherof
'w's are evenly formed with closed looped heads, the loop at the top of the right arm situated higher than that of the left.
Usage: Now
Usage: wowers
Usage: Within
upper case 'W' at the beginning of a line is a cursive version, different from the lower case graph used elsewhere.
Usage: yit
'y' usually presents with wavy tail and is frequently dotted.
Usage: yere
Usage: ye
although this otiose stroke appears to be attached to the 'y' graph in an odd direction, it is in fact part of the previous 's'.
Usage: lay
almost a hooked 'y'.
Thorn and Yogh
Usage: þt
thorn is used rarely and on the three folios examined this contraction of 'that' is the only one found.
Usage: Thouȝ
yogh is used frequently to replace the 'gh' element and also as replacement for the 'z' sound as in version 3.
Usage: ȝodiaqȝ
Usage: thouȝt
Upper Case Letters
Usage: Pride
the scribe has some distinctive upper case graphs.
Usage: Thou
Usage: Ethna
Usage: But
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP