the hand appears very spikey. 'a' is always double compartment usually with angled stroke at the head and hairline to join.
the lower compartment is not always closed.
macron over the 'a' signals the missing 'n'.
angular upper case 'A'.
'd' is unlooped and the lower lobe is often angular.
the lobe of 'd' may be oval or angled.
'd' is frequently ligatured with 'e'.
the lower compartment of 'g' is often pointed at the left side.
'g' in final position always has a flourish curled above the graph.
the hairline joining the end of the tail-stroke back to the body of the graph is difficult to see.
the lower compartments are triangles.
'h', 'l' 'b' and 'k' all have a fine otiose stroke forming a fork at the top of the stem.
the limb extends down lower than the stem. A fine hairline then descends at a forty five degree angle to the left.
the tail stroke is again a fine addition added at a forty five degree angle to the end of the limb.
modern 'r' is used in all positions including in medial position.
'r' in final position with hairline upturn at the end of the shoulder.
'z'-shaped 'r' may be found with and without the fine otiose stroke added to the lower left of the graph.
'r' in final position with flourish.
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. At the lower end of the stem, there is a slight turn of the nib to the left.
kidney-shaped 's' is always used in final positions. It is also used initially occasionally, as in the example 'sight' on this folio (see wild letter 1:3).
flat-topped serpentine upper case 'S'.
'w' is evenly formed with separate left limb usually formed with an approach stroke.
here, the 'B'-shaped element to finish is also a visible addition..
'w' is taller than surrounding graphs.
the upper case graph is the same as the lower case one.
'y' appears both with and without a dot. The body is square-shaped.
the fork of 'y' may occur beneath the lower level of previous graphs.
the tail is usually a fine stroke descending in a straight line at an oblique angle. In this example there is a slight flick counter-clockwise to finish.
the tail is usually straight or finished with a short flick to the right.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is very similar in execution to 'y'. It is squarish in shape.
yogh is used on this folio as equivalent to 'y' and to 'gh'.
|Upper Case Letters|