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Scribal Profile
Keio 10 scribe
Current Manuscript:Japan, Tokyo, Keio University MS 10
Folios:Fragment: two folios only
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Usage: a
double compartment 'a' is used exclusively. The upper compartment almost always has an additional stroke at an angle to the right side of the upper compartment.
Usage: and
where suitable there is often a hairline stroke from the added head stroke towards the following graph.
Usage: ragyng
a more ordinary lower case graph.
Usage: And
for upper case 'A' the head stroke may be flat-headed as here or may be set at an angle sloping down to the curving down-stroke.
Usage: defyede
'd' in initial position. The 'd's are evenly formed, always looped and with triangular lower lobe.
Usage: and
'd' in final position again evenly formed with slight extension but no tag.
Usage: y hydde
Usage: De
upper case 'D' for heading to a section.
Usage: grape
double compartment 'g' used throughout. Horizontal connecting stroke from upper lobe to the next graph.
Usage: passyng
'g' in final position frequently has a curled extension from the head-stroke from the upper compartment. It must not be confused with the 'er' abbreviation which looks very similar in final position but is a more defined stroke. An example is 'hong(er) on the same folio.
Usage: noght
the 'ght' combination. The curved head-stroke on the top of the upper compartment of 'g' is the same as the stroke on the head of 'a'.
Usage: ygreuede
'g' within a word.
Usage: his
'h' in initial position with foot at lower left of shaft.
Usage: bereth
'h' in final position following 't' is frequently crossed.
Usage: touche
'h' after 'c' is also crossed.
Usage: ht
the scribe abbreviates 'hit' at the end of a line to save space.
Usage: 'rounde
long 'r' in initial position. The scribe uses a mixture of 'r' graphs.
Usage: other
modern 'r' used in final position.
Usage: norschynge
'z'-shaped 'r' to follow 'o'. It also follows other graphs including 'p'.
Usage: rorynge
long 'r' in initial and medial position.
Usage: sup(er)fluyte
sigma 's' in initial position is used throughout.
Usage: pykes
sigma 's' in final position is also consistently used.
Usage: pyssyng
long 's' used in medial positions. Where double 's' appears the first 's' is lower and shorter than the second.
Usage: is strengthe
final sigma 's' followed by initial sigma 's'.
Usage: well
'w' in initial position. The middle limb is generally a taller element than those on either side.
Usage: ywrong
here the head of the middle element is open as are the majority of 'w's on this folio, perhaps a feature of scribal behaviour in the interests of consistency on a single folio.
Usage: mowthe
'w' in medial position with tall middle element.
Usage: waleweth
two 'w's in the same word.
Usage: ys
'y' is frequently dotted. The tail varies in shape, length and curvature. 'y' frequently replaces 'i'.
Usage: body
'y' in final position.
Usage: hy(m) sylfe
'y's abound with this scribe.
Usage: yhydd
'y' used as past participle prefix.
Thorn and Upper Case Letters
Usage: þt
thorn is used only occasionally, probably where space is restricted.
Usage: þe
Usage: The
distinctive upper case 'T'.
Usage: Ientellnes
upper case 'I' appears with different numbers of spurs on the left of the main shaft.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP