there are basically two forms of lower case 'a', single compartment 'a' and one which appears to be a hybrid of the other two. Here the flat angled head of 'a' is a fine straight line.
a more oval lobe for this 'a' with a perched stroke at the head.
a hybrid of the other two forms.
double compartment upper case 'A'.
'd' with pointed lower lobe and loop above.
occasionally the scribe seems to overload his nib with ink which forms blotches on some letters.
final 'd' with tail used several times on this folio.
a simple form of tailed 'g'. All the scribe's 'g's have short tails.
'g' in final position often has a short horizontal extension from the centre of the lobe.
'g' with horned head and tail stroke which bulges out to the right before turning to end beneath the graph.
a graph with similar evidence of over-inking as the one in version 2 of 'd'.
the scribe's standard form of 'h' with triangular looped head and short curving limb.
occasionally the tail from 'h' flicks counter-clockwise at the end.
'h' combined with 't' or 'g' is usually crossed.
in the 'ght' combination the 'h' is also crossed.
short modern 'r' used in all positions except after 'o' and 'e'.
'r' in final position with flourish.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o' and 'e'.
upper case 'R'.
sigma 's' is always used in final position within the text (see version 4). It is used occasionally in initial position also.
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
kidney-shaped 's' is used in final position in the gloss in the left margin which is in the hand of the scribe and the ink of the text.
'w's are formed in similar fashion with two seemingly separate elements and a single lobe to the right.
the top loops vary in size.
occasionally the loop above the second element of the graph is slightly above the loop over the first.
the upper case graph is exactly the same.
the scribe's 'y' generally has a short tail which does not descend much below the body of the graph. There is usually a small turn counter-clockwise to end.
the left arm of the graph is gently curved.
the graph in this example comes at the end of a line. Here the tail is taken up and ends as a punctus. The word at the end of the following line also ends in 'y' and also has a punctus attached.
|Thorn and Yogh|
some of the scribe's thorns are difficult to distinguish from 'y'. The left arm of the graph is shortened and the scribe treats the right arm as he would when writing 'y'.
in this example the stem is longer and the lobe is attached separately nearer the top.
yogh is used as equivalent to 'y' at the beginnings of words.
yogh is also used as equivalent to 'gh'.
|Elaborate Upper Case Letters|
elaborate 'A' at the beginning of the stanza and the top of the folio.
again a stanza marker.
no space is left between stanzas so the elaborate upper case letter serves to distinguish.
Usage: The verteu