straight-sided lower case 'a' is uniformly presented throughout.
the scribe has a variety of upper case graphs for 'A'.
'd' is always unlooped and quite angular in formation.
d' is often found in ligature with a following vowel, 'a' here and 'e' in the next example.
the scribe leaves a lip as he initiates the top of the down-stroke.
'g' is double compartment with the lower lobe frequently smaller and more squashed in appearance than the upper lobe.
'g' in final position is frequently tagged.
the bottom of the lower lobe sits on or around the line.
the triangular lower compartment is often slightly in advance of the upper compartment and may give the letter a tilted appearance.
split head to the stem and a fine tail-stroke from the end of the limb which often descends at a forty-five degree angle.
occasionally the tail turns back counter-clockwise.
a horizontal stroke to the top left of the stem of this upper case graph rather than the split head of the lower case graphs.
modern 'r' is used throughout.
'r' in final position often sports a vertical tag.
'z'-shaped 'r' is used after 'o'.
long 's' is actually the same height as other stemmed graphs. It finishes at the line with a simple curve or sometimes with a small foot.
'8'-shaped 's' is always used in final position.
serpentine upper case 'S' also with curved otiose tag.
where 'w' begins a word, the left limb is open with curved approach stroke which may be shorter or longer. The middle limb has an added curved stroke from the head which arches over to the right.
a more or less straight left limb for 'w' in the middle of a word.
'W' at the beginning of a line with arched approach to the left arm. Closed head-loop for the right arm.
the body of 'y' consists of two thick strokes which at the point of contact become a fine wavy tail stroke.
'y' is sometimes dotted.
the fork of 'y' is generally at the level of the line.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is used frequently in all situations for 'th'.
the stem of thorn is thick and generally shorter than in this example.
yogh is also used frequently as equivalent of both 'gh and 'y'.
|Upper Case Letters|
upper case graphs frequently have the double parallel line decoration.
2-shaped element to precede 'B'.