all lower case 'a's are double compartment. All are formed in the same way with little variation.
the scribe has a number of upper case 'A's. Here the upper loop is closed and the lower compartment is squarish.
an open head in this example and the lower compartment is rectangular,
a waving line, almost horizontal, at the head of this graph. The fine line connecting the left side of the lower compartment with the body of the graph extends beyond the head of the graph.
(first 'd') 'd' has an upper loop which is usually neatly contained and a pointed lower compartment.
even more angular lobes in these examples.
upper case 'D' tipped with red.
rectangular upper compartment with fine flat stroke joining the two sides at the head. The tail may descend initially with a slight angle to the right before resolving itself beneath the body of the graph with a thicker wave-like stroke.
it is possible that the scribe hesitated here before adding the final 'e' to this word. The tag attached to the horizontal extension is usually found only on some final 'g's.
this example demonstrates the relationship with the line for the descenders of both 'g' and 'h'. They usually rest on, or just wave below the line.
a typically formed 'h' graph with tail-stroke resting on the line and an angled foot at the lower end of the stem.
'h' with two protuberances on the left of the stem.
crossed 'h' after 's'.
another crossed 'h', this time after yogh as equivalent of 'gh'.
most of the scribe's 'r' graphs are formed as here. Modern 'r' is used in all positions.
occasionally 'r' is more angular with three diamond-shaped elements to form the graph.
'z'-shaped 'r' is only used after 'o' on the folio examined. The otiose stroke extending from the bottom left side of the graph may be straight or curved as here.
upper case 'R' at the beginning of a sentence.
long 's' is always used in initial and medial positions. The approach-stroke is often visible at the top of the stem.
8-shaped 's' is always used in final positions.
the angled head-stroke is clearly visible on the second 's' in this example.
upper case 'S' with red decoration.
'w' is consistently formed. When in initial position there is a curving approach stroke which usually begins beneath the graph and arcs up to begin the left arm of the letter. The left branch has a foot and the 'B'-shaped element to the right of the graph has small horns in this example.
'w' in the middle of a word. All the scribe's 'w's have an angular appearance.
there are a couple of examples of the use of this word on this folio and in each one, 'with' contracts using the superscript 't'.
a slightly less angular representation of 'w'.
the scribe constructs his 'y' so that the fork rests on the line. The tail is more like a fine otiose stroke.
again. the scribe manipulates the right arm so that the fork rests on the line.
sometimes the left arm of the graph is vertical.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is used regularly to replace 'th' in words such as 'this', for third person present tense verb endings and for all the other usual pronouns and adjectives. Once more the scribe positions the lobe so that the bottom of the lobe is level with the line.
as with the contraction for 'with' the scribe uses superscript 't', neatly placed above the middle of the graph.
yogh is used for the 'gh' sound.
the top of the upper stroke may be horned.
|Upper Case I and F|
'I' with hooked head-stroke, two 'wings' on the stem, a shadow stroke alongside the stem and a curving foot sitting on the line.
a different form of head-stroke and more pronounced 'wings' on the left side.
upper case 'F' with angled head-stroke as in 's'.
the approach-stroke may be seen here as with 's'.