straight-sided, double compartment 'a' is used throughout. The graph is constructed as here with parallel sides and horizontal bar across the middle with occasional variations in the size of the compartments.
the scribe has a variety of upper case 'A's, here with flat top.
the two-shaped element at the left side of the graph is distinctive.
an arching stroke at the right with open head and oval lobe.
'd' is consistently formed in this fashion generally with squarish lobe and a short, angled stroke to close the head of the graph.
the combination 'de is usually ligatured.
the tag on the 'd' of the 'quod' abbreviation resembles a comma with fine otiose flourish.
the two-shaped element to begin the graph is distinctive. Upper case 'D' may also be decorated with parallel lines.
the lower lobe of 'g' usually has a squashed appearance. It often sits on or around the line.
'g' in final position with vertical tag descending from the horizontal slash.
the lower compartment of 'g' virtually sits on the line.
upper case 'G' with parallel line decoration.
the stem of lower case 'h' usually has a fork or split at the head. Other graphs formed in similar fashion include 'l' and 'k'.
the tail from the limb is short and fine and usually ends at, or not much below the line.
upper case 'H' usually has a curved head-stroke.
a combination of forms for this upper case graph with extended approach stroke to the stem and a fine curved stroke to define the head.
modern 'r' is used in all positions in a word.
'r' in final position frequently has a curved otiose tag to finish. Other graphs such as 't' and 'f' also attract this stroke and the frequent use of such additions impact on the visual impression of the folio.
'z'-shaped 'r' used after 'o' and round-bodied graphs.
upper case 'R' with open head.
long 's' is tall and often angular with foot resting on or above the line. This 's' is used in initial and medial positions.
8-shaped 's' is used in final positions.
upper case 'S' in serpentine formation.
'w' frequently has exaggerated loops at the head of the limbs. This example is the one found most frequently with curved approach to the left limb and looped head turning to the right for the middle arm.
a simple 'w' form is also used.
here both arms turn right at the head.
a slightly more elaborate graph as the upper case letter.
'y' is often dotted and the tail-stroke is short and fine, usually ending at or around the line.
ine tapering stroke for the tail.
|Thorn and Yogh|
thorn is used frequently on all occasions which call for 'th'.
the stem of thorn is thick and straight. The lobe is also nearly as long as the stem.
yogh is used as equivalent to both 'y' and also 'gh'.
|Upper Case Letters|
upper case graphs are frequently decorated with double parallel lines.