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Scribal Profile
Winchester Scribe
Profiles for this Scribe:
1. London, British Library MS Harley 172
Current Manuscript:London, British Library MS Harley 172
Sampled Folios:16r
Example Page:Display a full page showing this scribe's hand
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Usage: lawe
a rounded version of single compartment 'a'.
Usage: a
a squarer lobe with hairline to join at the head.
Usage: And
one of the two versions of upper case 'A' on this folio. The extension to the left may be longer or shorter.
Usage: Anoyntynge
a second, entirely different upper case 'A'.
Usage: doo
the typical unlooped 'd' of this scribe.
Usage: bounde
occasionally it is possible to see the scribe forming a faint upper loop rather than the single stroke to be seen in version 3.
Usage: hadde
Usage: myspendyde
Usage: doynge
the scribe's tailed 'g's are all variations on a theme. The tail always turns counter-clockwise.
Usage: god
a more spikey version of 1.
Usage: Anoyntynge
here there is no circular lobe and the graph is almost as in version 4.
Usage: forgifnes
the graph here is basically two down strokes, one with a kink for the tail, with a horizontal cross stroke to join the two.
Usage: holy
the scribe's 'h's are, on the whole, of consistent formation but as may be seen in version 2 they become a little less structured as the scribe races to finish the folio.
Usage: hadde
Usage: The
this 'h' appears to be an upper case graph. It may be that the scribe was taking more care in copying out the list of Sacraments. 'The' here is followed by the word 'Sacrament'.
Usage: Haue
upper case 'H'.
Usage: receyvede
only 'z'-shaped 'r' is used in all positions. It gives a rather odd aspect to the script. Here 'r' in initial position.
Usage: mercye
'r' within a word but set as a graph separated from those before and after.
Usage: fadyr
'r' in final position.
Usage: creature
Usage: tymes
kidney 's' is always used in final position.
Usage: worshipped
long 's' is used in initial and medial positions. The head may be rounded as in this example, but see version 3.
Usage: prestehode
long 's' frequently has a fat upper stem which tapers distinctly lower down. The head stroke may dip rather than being rounded and it is sometimes possible to see a short wing to the left of the stem where the scribe begins his stroke.
Usage: Smellynge
upper case 'S' used for two of the five 'bodyli wittes', 'Seeynge' being the other.
Usage: wylle
in initial position there may be a curved approach stroke to 'w'. There is a double lobe to the right of the middle stroke forming the final element. When the left stroke joins the middle stroke, it is usually close to the top of the graph.
Usage: sorowe
the left arm of 'w' may extend above previous graphs.
Usage: dewte
the left arm of 'w' does not always extend much above surrounding graphs.
Usage: Wherefore
the beginning of a sentence so presumably the scribe's upper case graph. The left arm of 'w' may be detached from the middle stroke and final element.
Usage: holy
most of the scribe's 'y's are neatly executed with shortish tail with the fork above the level of the line.
Usage: ys
Usage: synne
the scribe's graphs vary, perhaps according to speed of writing or level of concentration.
Usage: fullfyllyde
occasionally the tail of 'y' is taken up to join the following graph.
Upper Case Letters: I and T
Usage: I
the scribe's upper case 'I' has a long trailing approach stroke which may be even longer than in the example shown here.
Usage: Intyerly
Usage: Towchynge
upper case 'T' has a defining detached pen-stroke within the curve of the graph.
Usage: Tastynge
Abbreviative Marks
Usage: Confirmacyo(un)
macron with dot below to signal missing 'n' or 'un'.
Usage: Co(n)trycione
missing 'n' marked with macron and dot.
Usage: Sacrament(es)
the 'es' abbreviation.
Usage: m(er)cye
the standard 'er' abbreviation.
Centre for Medieval Studies, University of York, King's Manor, York YO1 7EP